Construction activity rose 4% in June
While residential building held steady, nonresidential building and public works registered June gains. During the first half of 2002, total construction on an unadjusted basis was reported at $253.1 billion, unchanged from last year's corresponding amount.
June's data produced a 154 reading for the Dodge Index (1996 = 100), compared to a revised 148 for May. The first six months of 2002 have seen the Dodge Index fluctuate around the 149 mark, which was the monthly average for all of 2001.
"Amidst the ups and downs this year, the construction industry has essentially stabilized close to its 2001 pace," stated Robert A. Murray, vice president of economic affairs for McGraw-Hill Construction.
"Single-family housing has stayed robust, continuing to be one of the healthier parts of the overall economy. Institutional building and public works have shown further growth, as eroding federal and state budgets have yet to have much negative impact at the construction site. But over the past twelve months, commercial building has fallen sharply, in similarity to the broader pullback by business investment."
NonresidentialNonresidential building in June grew 4% to $160.2 billion. School construction, the largest nonresidential category by dollar volume, rebounded 7% after slipping back in May. An upward push also came from a 60% increase for public buildings, aided by the start of several large courthouses and detention facilities.
Showing improvement from very weak levels in May were hotels (up 11%), office buildings (up 20%), and manufacturing buildings (up 27%). June also witnessed steady contracting for stores, but warehouses (down 4%), churches (down 7%), healthcare facilities (down 12%), and transportation terminals (down 52%) all posted declines.
Despite the June gain, nonresidential building during the first half of 2002 was down 11% from its year-ago level. The general weakness for nonresidential building has been largely the result of reduced contracting for commercial building, including stores (down 12%), warehouses (down 28%), offices (down 32%), and hotels (down 36%).
'Worst is over'Murray stated, "While the worst of the decline appears to be over, vacancy rates are now substantially higher in many metropolitan areas, meaning that it will be awhile before commercial building is able to see renewed expansion."
The institutional categories have fared better in 2002, with first half increases reported for healthcare facilities (up 29%), churches (up 6%), public buildings (up 1%), and transportation terminals (up 1%).
School construction in the first half of 2002 was down 3%, but its level can still be viewed as very strong since the comparison is being made against last year's record high pace.
Residential building in June, at $237.4 billion, was unchanged from the previous month. Single-family housing rose 1%, while multifamily housing retreated 7%. Non-building construction in June jumped 16% to $115.3 billion. Highways and bridges increased 23%, boosted by the start of the $1 billion San Francisco Bay Bridge replacement project.
In contrast, June saw a 24% decline for electric utility construction. Even with several large power plants reaching the construction start stage in June, including a $300 million project in Colorado and a $254 million project in California, the general trend for power plant construction continues to be downward.